A Brief Timeline of Computer Programming and Its Possible Future

By | Computer programming, Programming language

Computer programmer analyzes and compares two different computer programming languages.

These days, it seems like everyone is talking about computer programming, language, and coding. It almost seems as if the hype surrounding programming was an overnight kind of thing, but that’s not the case at all. Now more than ever, there has been a surplus of programs, classes, and tutorials designed to help aspiring coders. We’re here to go over how computer programming came to be and how it plays an integral role in our lives and for the future.

The History of Programming

1883—the Algorithm for the Analytical Engine

This algorithm was created by Ada Lovelace for Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine to compute Bernoulli numbers. Not only is Lovelace considered the world’s first-ever computer programmer but the programming language ”Ada” is named after her honor.

1949— Assembly Language

Assembly language is any low-level programming language in which there is a very strong correspondence between the instructions in the language and the architecture’s machine code instructions. In simpler terms, it simplifies the language in the machine code and the instruction that dictates the action of the computer. It was first widely used in the Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator.

1959— The Creation of COBOL

Created by Navy Admiral Grace Murry Hopper as a computer programming language that could run on all brands and types of computers, COBOL stands for Common Business Oriented Language. This language is commonly used in ATMs, credit card processing, telephone systems, hospital and government computers, automotive systems, and traffic signals.

1972—The Creation of C

Developed by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs, C is considered by many to be the first high-level language. A high-level computer programming language is closer to human language and more removed from the machine code. C was created with the intent that operating systems could be used on a wide spectrum of computers. It has influenced the creation of many other languages including Ruby, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, and Python.

The Introduction of SQL

SQL was developed by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce at IBM. SQL stands for Structured Query Language. It is used for viewing and changing information that is stored in databases. SQL utilizes command sentences called queries to add, remove, or view data.

2003— Concise and High-Level Language of Scala

Scala was created by Martin Odersky. Scala is a computer programming language that combines functional programming, which is mathematical, with object-oriented programming, which is organized around data that controls access to its code. Its compatibility with Java makes it helpful in Android development.

2009— The Go Programming Language

Go is a programming language designed by Google to address problems that may occur in large software systems. Since computer and technology use is much different today as opposed to when languages such as C++, Java, and Python were predominantly used, problems arose when large computer systems become more prevalent in business and working settings. Go is intended to improve the working environment for programmers so that they could write, read, and maintain large software systems more efficiently.

2014—Swift: Apple Developer

Swift is a computer programming language developed by Apple as a replacement for C, C++, and Objective-C. Swift is supposed to be more efficient to use and allows less for mistakes. It is versatile and is used for desktop apps, mobile apps, and cloud services.

Anticipated Changes for Programming

New technologies running on revolutionary new programs are constantly being produced and marketed to citizens across the globe, which also means that programmers always have something new to learn. Programmers predict that new voice-activated applications will take the lead in computer programming. New and updated voice-activated applications can enable consumers to gain information and interact more, virtually, through a website, and in many other ways.

Mobile development is also predicted to be demanded in terms of computer programming. Web technology is growing at a rapid rate. Consumers are more interested in online shopping, research, and more, which calls for online automation. These are huge changes that are going to continue as they tend to make the everyday tasks of consumers and business personnel much easier.

Learn More About the Intricacies of Programming with Marble Computer

Marble Computer is comprised of a team of professional and experienced coders and programmers. We retain all the knowledge customers might need when discovering the endless capabilities of computer language and programs. Contact us today to learn more about what goes into computer programming and how it can make a difference in your work life and more.

The Basic Duties and Responsibilities of COBOL Programmers

By | Uncategorized

Developing programmer designs and codes technologies working in a software company office.

COBOL has survived sixty years of usage, but that doesn’t mean it’s in any less in demand than before. COBOL programmers are still heavily utilized in Information Technology organizations such as government agencies, banks, consultants, and various other business organizations. The ease of use and mobility of COBOL proved itself so useful that it has dominated much of the application development needs for government and business and their processing of data, since the early 1960s. Major federal agencies such as the Internal Revenue Service and the Social Security Administration rely on large scale applications developed in COBOL. It’s safe to say that the COBOL programming language is everywhere, so it’s rather helpful and informative to understand what COBOL is, what a COBOL programmer does, and how exactly they do their jobs. 

COBOL, which stands for Common, Business-Oriented Language, is a computer programming language that brought about a way for coders to write programs that were transportable among computer-manufacturers. In other words, code written for one computer could run on another even if the computers were from different vendors. 

So, who is a COBOL  Programmer and What Do They Do? 

A COBOL programmer is one who writes and works hands-on with a large-scale computer developing code in COBOL. This is the primary responsibility for all COBOL programmers. They tend to be mostly found in programming in the field of business data processing. 

In addition to constantly working with COBOL, these programmers work to design, develop, and configure codes for new programs. When they create new codes, they test the programs to ensure the proper state of function on the intended operating system. These programmers are also trained to implement any necessary adjustments. Due to the advent of newer languages such as Java and C++, most COBOL programmers work on existing COBOL software that is already in place. A fair portion of COBOL programmers are veterans in this business. Young talents who specialize in COBOL programming are sorely needed by large organizations regardless of where one is domiciled. 

Some of the other common responsibilities that COBOL programmers take up in addition to COBOL programming consists of the following:

  • Developing and maintaining COBOL applications
  • Understanding the transactional requirements of the application 
  • Developing, designing, coding, and testing new changes to enhance software applications 
  • Test COBOL programs to catch errors and apply solutions to the faulty lines of the computer code responsible 
  • Actively utilize code responsibilities, which are collections of independent lines of codes intended to simplify the writing
  • Responsible for technical analysis and design, code and testing coordination
  • Document and file systems and enhance programs that are developed and implemented
  • Gather and document system requirements
  • Fine-tune DB2 SQL queries
  • Define coding standards to ensure and secure code integrity

What Are the Skills and Merit a COBOL Programmer Needs? 

If you’re wondering what it takes to be a COBOL programmer, then we’re more than happy to provide this information. First and foremost, employers prefer candidates with a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, or any other related field. Employers also like to see that your coursework is/was encompassed around programming languages, code development, and software development. It is highly recommended that aspiring coders take up internships or part-time jobs during the course of studies to receive hands-on research with COBOL and other programming languages. Since many administrative offices and business organizations rely on, you may want to consider taking administrative courses for additional skills and insight within the computer programming industry. 

Some other further skills that are essential to a COBOL programmer’s career extend to the following: 

  • Excellent oral and written skills as you’ll be working with Information Technology Management and Business Management 
  • An in-depth understanding of project management and the software development paradigm
  • Obtaining a vast amount of knowledge regarding business processes in healthcare, banking, finance, and government sectors 
  • Knowledge of advanced debugging tools

COBOL programmers can also generally benefit from the knowledge and expertise of the following technical skills: 

  • Databases: MS SQL Server, Oracle RDB, and DB2
  • Languages: Java, COBOL, TSO, JCSL, and CICS
  • Platforms/systems: z/OS, Windows, Linux, UNIX, IBM Mainframe
  • Tools: Endevor, Abend-aid, Xpediter, Rational, and Micro Focus 

Apart from intensive technical skills, COBOL programmers are also set to the standard of obtaining soft skills when dealing with their work. The following soft skills include:

  • Analytical skills
  • Concentration
  • Detail-oriented
  • Troubleshooting skills
  • Relationship management

All of these skills can take the future generation of COBOL programmers a long way in the programming field. 

Choose Marble Computer Today to Apply COBOL to Your Application Development Environment 

At Marble Computer, Inc., we have a team of professionals that specialize in the migration and maintenance of COBOL for all businesses. Contact us today to learn more about what our COBOL services entail.